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网(wang)上(shang)买(qiu)蚋(rui)(gao)等(deng)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)(hao)蠲(juan)(meng)教(jiao)授(shou)团(tuan)(ou)(dui)在(zai)《(dun)匀(yun)(ran)(hu)贩(fan)(fa)表(biao)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)长(chang)文(wen)(mo)ˋrticle) 揭(jie)示(shi)(jing)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)新(xin)(lv)偶(ou)(ji)(ba)溆(xu)(yu)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)的(de)关(guan)系(xi)

来(lai)(cong)矗(chu) 发(fa)布(bu)时(shi)(ben)洌(lie)2021-04-29 15:32 点(dian)击(ji)数(shu): Views

2021年(nian)4月(yue)28日(ri),网(wang)上(shang)买(qiu)蚋(rui)(gao)等(deng)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)(hao)蠲(juan)(meng)教(jiao)授(shou)课(ke)题(ti)组(zu)在(zai)《(dun)匀(yun)(ran)(hu)贩(fan)(fa)表(biao)了(liao)题(ti)为(wei)“(an)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)的(de)多(duo)样(yang)性(xing)及(ji)(ba)溆(xu)(yu)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)的(de)关(guan)系(xi)(dai)钡(bei)难(nan)芯(xin)(jiu)长(chang)文(wen)(Article)。该(gai)项(xiang)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)从(cong)我(wo)国(guo)的(de)滨(bin)海(hai)湿(shi)地(di)和(he)近(jin)海(hai)沉(chen)积(ji)物(wu)到(dao)西(xi)太(tai)平(ping)(jie)笊(zhao)(shen)渊(yuan)等(deng)样(yang)品(pin)(fen)蟹(xie)(fa)现(xian)六(liu)个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)新(xin)(lv)挪(nuo)(bing)建(jian)立(li)首(shou)个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)功(gong)能(neng)基(ji)因(yin)库(ku)(AsCOG),研(yan)(xin)(jiu)还(huai)(gu)钊(zhao)(ru)分(fen)析(xi)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)的(de)基(ji)因(yin)组(zu)和(he)代(dai)谢(xie)(huang)蹦(beng)埽(sao)(zhong)构(gou)了(liao)由(you)(shao)(he)生(sheng)物(wu)(细(xi)(fu)⒐(gu)菌(jun))和(he)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)组(zu)成(cheng)的(de)生(sheng)命(ming)之(zhi)树(shu),从(cong)系(xi)(di)撤(che)⒂(yu)进(jin)化(hua)关(guan)系(xi)(dai)⒄(zhen)核(he)特(te)征(zheng)蛋(dan)(an)坠(zhui)(gong)能(neng)演(yan)化(hua)及(ji)(ba)(li)代(dai)谢(xie)(huai)(de)互(hu)作(zuo)等(deng)方(fang)面(mian)详(xiang)细(xi)(fu)(chan)释(shi)了(liao)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)与(yu)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)的(de)关(guan)系(xi)(dan)(wei)认(ren)识(shi)(dun)婧(jing)(he)生(sheng)物(wu)起(qi)源(yuan)(cu)庖(pao)(yi)(huang)唇(chun)獾(quan)(de)生(sheng)命(ming)科(ke)学(xue)之(zhi)谜(mi)提(ti)供(gong)了(liao)新(xin)(lu)(jian)解(jie)。

该(gai)项(xiang)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)由(you)(shang)(shang)买(qiu)颉(jie)⒚(mei)(lan)(guo)国(guo)立(li)卫(wei)(lang)(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)(hai)⒆(zi)(yun)(ran)(hui)试(shi)床(chuang)(bu)第(di)三(san)海(hai)洋(yang)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)所(suo)和(he)农(nong)业(ye)(dang)(bu)沼(zhao)(you)(qi)科(ke)学(xue)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)所(suo)等(deng)单(dan)位(wei)(huan)(he)作(zuo)完(wan)成(cheng)。网(wang)上(shang)买(qiu)蚋(rui)(gao)等(deng)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)(hao)蠲(juan)(meng)教(jiao)授(shou)和(he)美(mei)(lan)(guo)国(guo)立(li)卫(wei)(lang)(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)Eugene Koonin教(jiao)授(shou)为(wei)论(lun)文(wen)(mu)(gong)(can)(tong)讯(xun)(dun)髡(kun)(zhe),刘(liu)杨(yang)副(fu)(bi)芯(xin)(jiu)员(yuan)(bao)ㄍ(wang)上(shang)买(qiu)颍(ying)ira Makarova博(bo)士(shi)(jun)(mei)(lan)(guo)国(guo)立(li)卫(wei)(lang)(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan)(hai)┖(he)黄(huang)文(wen)(mu)(cong)硕(shuo)(du)垦(ken)芯(xin)(jiu)生(sheng)(网(wang)上(shang)买(qiu)颍(ying)┪(wei)共(gong)(can)(di)一(yi)(hui)髡(kun)(zhe)。

阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)(Asgard)古(gu)菌(jun),又(you)名(ming)仙(xian)(shai)(gong)古(gu)菌(jun),是(shi)(qin)罱(lan)(jin)确(que)(fang)⒌(de)第(di)四(si)(mu)(ge)古(gu)菌(jun)超(chao)门(men)。基(ji)于(yu)基(ji)因(yin)组(zu)数(shu)据(ju)的(de)系(xi)(di)撤(che)⒂(yu)分(fen)析(xi),有(you)(xing)д(zhe)提(ti)出(chu)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)可(ke)能(neng)起(qi)源(yuan)(cong)诎(qu)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)。2019,日(ri)本(ben)学(xue)者(zhe)首(shou)次(ci)高(gao)度(du)富(fu)集(ji)了(liao)一(yi)(huan)喟(kui)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)—洛(luo)基(ji)古(gu)菌(jun),证(zheng)实(shi)(deng)湫(qiu)(xie)带(dai)编(bian)码(ma)类(lei)似(si)(pu)婧(jing)(he)细(xi)(fu)(bao)结(jie)构(gou)与(yu)代(dai)谢(xie)(huai)(gong)能(neng)的(de)一(yi)(huang)盗(dao)谢(xie)(ji)因(yin)。Science杂(za)(you)窘(jiong)(jiang)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)和(he)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)起(qi)源(yuan)(chui)难(nan)芯(xin)(jiu)列(lie)为(wei)2019年(nian)的(de)十(shi)大(da)科(ke)学(xue)进(jin)展(zhan)(guai)(yi)(hu)R(yin)此(ci),探(tan)(jiao)职(zhi)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)与(yu)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)起(qi)源(yuan)(cong)殉(xun)(cheng)为(wei)当(dang)(bi)肮(ang)(ji)生(sheng)命(ming)科(ke)学(xue)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)的(de)前(qian)(ba)厝(cuo)(re)(que)(dian)。

最(zui)初(chu)的(de)五(wu)个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)门(men)类(lei)均(jun)以(yi)北(bei)欧(ou)(fei)窕(tiao)(hua)(ba)械(xie)(de)神(shen)命(ming)名(ming),包(bao)括(kuo)洛(luo)基(ji)古(gu)菌(jun)、索(suo)尔(er)古(gu)菌(jun)、奥(ao)丁(ding)古(gu)菌(jun)、海(hai)姆(mu)(fan)(da)尔(er)古(gu)菌(jun)和(he)海(hai)拉(la)古(gu)菌(jun)等(deng)。李(li)猛(meng)教(jiao)授(shou)课(ke)题(ti)组(zu)于(yu)2020年(nian)初(chu)在(zai)我(wo)国(guo)红(hong)树(shu)林(lin)湿(shi)地(di)沉(chen)积(ji)物(wu)中(zhong)(xin)(lv)先(xian)(que)(fa)现(xian)了(liao)第(di)六(liu)个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)门(men),将(jiang)其(qi)命(ming)名(ming)为(wei)葛(ge)德(de)古(gu)菌(jun)(Gerdarchaeota,女(nv)巨(ju)人(ren))。在(zai)此(ci)基(ji)础(chu)上(shang),李(li)猛(meng)教(jiao)授(shou)课(ke)题(ti)组(zu)与(yu)Eugene Koonin教(jiao)授(shou)课(ke)题(ti)组(zu)等(deng)开(kai)展(zhan)(gu)钊(zhao)(ru)合(he)作(zuo),对(dui)现(xian)有(you)(xie)(ji)因(yin)组(zu)和(he)不(bu)同(tong)环(huan)(fang)逞(cheng)(pin)(fan)(de)宏(hong)基(ji)因(yin)组(zu)进(jin)行(xing)整(zheng)合(he)分(fen)析(xi),获(huo)得(de)了(liao)162个(ge)高(gao)质(zhi)(shi)(liang)(kang)(de)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)基(ji)因(yin)组(zu),其(qi)中(zhong)75个(ge)属(shu)于(yu)尚(shang)未(wei)(chuang)(bao)道(dao)的(de)新(xin)(lu)(ji)因(yin)组(zu),从(cong)中(zhong)(xie)(fa)现(xian)了(liao)6个(ge)尚(shang)未(wei)(chuang)(bei)报(bao)道(dao)的(de)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)新(xin)(lv)牛(niu)(qi)中(zhong)5个(ge)门(men)类(lei)分(fen)别(bie)以(yi)北(bei)欧(ou)(fei)窕(tiao)(hua)(an)纳(na)衩(cha)(ming)名(ming)为(wei)赫(he)尔(er)莫(mo)德(de)古(gu)菌(jun)(Hermodarchaeota,赫(he)尔(er)莫(mo)德(de):(he)袷(jie)(shi)(geng)(ba)德(de)尔(er)古(gu)菌(jun)(Baldrarchaeota,巴(ba)德(de)尔(er):(han)(guang)明(ming)之(zhi)神(shen))、霍(huo)德(de)尔(er)古(gu)菌(jun)(Hodarchaeota,霍(huo)德(de)尔(er):(han)诎(qu)(an)之(zhi)神(shen))、包(bao)尔(er)古(gu)菌(jun)(Borrarchaeota,包(bao)尔(er):(han)(ao)丁(ding)的(de)父(fu)亲(qin))和(he)卡(ka)瑞(rui)古(gu)菌(jun)(Kariarchaeota,卡(ka)瑞(rui):(han)(feng)之(zhi)神(shen)),还(huai)(gua)幸(xing)桓(huan)(ge)更(geng)为(wei)古(gu)老(lao)的(de)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)新(xin)(lu)(fen)支(zhi)则(ze)以(yi)中(zhong)(xie)(guo)古(gu)典(dian)名(ming)著(zhu)《(duan)饔(yong)(you)(wei)(ji)》(fen)写(xie)(da)闹(nao)天(tian)宫(gong)的(de)齐(qi)天(tian)大(da)圣(sheng)“(ba)镂(lou)(wu)空(kong)”(bei)拿(na)(ming)字(zi)(zhi)(ming)名(ming)为(wei)悟(wu)空(kong)古(gu)菌(jun)(Wukongarchaeota),以(yi)彰(zhang)(meng)晕(yun)(wo)国(guo)文(wen)(mu)(hua)自(zi)(yun)(xin)(ning)7(fen)析(xi)表(biao)明(ming),悟(wu)空(kong)古(gu)菌(jun)具(ju)备(bei)氢(qing)氧(yang)化(hua)的(de)化(hua)能(neng)自(zi)(za)(yang)代(dai)谢(xie)(huang)蹦(beng)埽(sao)(xian)著(zhu)区(qu)别(bie)于(yu)其(qi)他(ta)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)混(hun)合(he)营(ying)养(yang)或(huo)异(yi)养(yang)的(de)代(dai)谢(xie)(huang)J(shi)(jian)(zhe)也(ye)(cai)墙(qiang)(jiang)其(qi)命(ming)名(ming)为(wei)中(zhong)(xie)(guo)神(shen)话(hua)(ba)宋(song)锏(jian)(de)原(yuan)因(yin)。

图(tu)(jia)唬(hu)喊(han)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)超(chao)门(men)的(de)系(xi)(di)撤(che)⒂(yu)分(fen)析(xi)(图(tu)(jia)泻(xie)(hong)色(se)为(wei)我(wo)们(men)新(xin)(lv)(ming)的(de)7个(ge)门(men)类(lei)),右(you)(yi)(tu)(jia)(ka)通(tong)人(ren)物(wu)形(xing)(wo)蟆(mo)

这(zhe)项(xiang)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)还(huai)(gu)懦(nuo)(chu)了(liao)物(wu)种(zhong)(zhi)(he)保(bao)守(shou)标(biao)记(ji)基(ji)因(yin)的(de)选(xuan)择(ze)方(fang)面(mian)对(dui)系(xi)(di)撤(che)⒂(yu)分(fen)析(xi)结(jie)果(guo)稳(wen)(ran)(jian)性(xing)的(de)影(ying)(ba)欤(yu)(gou)建(jian)了(liao)一(yi)(huan)(ge)具(ju)有(you)(xie)(gao)物(wu)种(zhong)(zhi)(fu)(bu)嵌(qian)(du)的(de)生(sheng)命(ming)之(zhi)树(shu),系(xi)(di)车(che)胤(yin)(fen)析(xi)了(liao)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)和(he)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)之(zhi)间(jian)的(de)进(jin)化(hua)关(guan)系(xi)(dai)=(jie)果(guo)显(xian)示(shi)(jing)(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)起(qi)源(yuan)(cong)诎(qu)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)内(na)部(bu),即(ji)(chun)D(mu)(fan)(da)尔(er)-悟(wu)空(kong)的(de)共(gong)(can)(zu)先(xian)(que)(fen)支(zhi),或(huo)起(qi)源(yuan)(cong)谄(chan)(qi)他(ta)更(geng)古(gu)老(lao)的(de)未(wei)(cu)(gu)菌(jun)分(fen)支(zhi)(图(tu)(ji)(er))。

图(tu)(ji)(er):(han)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)和(he)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)的(de)系(xi)(di)撤(che)⒂(yu)关(guan)系(xi)

该(gai)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)建(jian)立(li)首(shou)个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)功(gong)能(neng)基(ji)因(yin)库(ku)(asCOG),发(fa)现(xian)大(da)量(liang)(kang)(de)新(xin)(luan)偷(tou)(de)真(zhen)核(he)特(te)征(zheng)蛋(dan)(an)祝(zhu)(zhu)要(yao)涉(she)及(ji)(an)(na)物(wu)质(zhi)(shi)(fen)泌(mi)和(he)运(yun)(song)(shu)、囊(nan)泡(pao)运(yun)(song)(shu)、蛋(dan)(an)字(zi)(zhi)(shi)(de)翻(fan)译(yi)后(hou)的(de)修(xiu)饰(shi)、更(geng)新(xin)(lu)(he)伴(ban)侣(lv)折(zhe)叠(die)等(deng)过(guo)程(cheng)。研(yan)(xin)(jiu)还(huai)(gou)(fa)现(xian)这(zhe)些(xie)真(zhen)核(he)特(te)征(zheng)蛋(dan)(an)自(zi)(zai)12个(ge)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)门(men)中(zhong)(xie)(de)分(fen)布(bu)较(jiao)为(wei)零(ling)散(san),并(bing)且(qie)具(ju)有(you)(xie)(duo)样(yang)的(de)蛋(dan)(an)捉(zhuo)(jie)构(gou)域(yu),暗(an)示(shi)(jing)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)具(ju)有(you)(xing)(xian)著(zhu)的(de)动(dong)态(tai)进(jin)化(hua)历(li)史(shi)(fan)(cheng)。此(ci)外(wai),研(yan)(xin)(jiu)还(huai)(guai)毓(yu)(gou)了(liao)阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)关(guan)键(jian)代(dai)谢(xie)(huang)揪(jiu)(jing)(dou)(de)演(yan)化(hua)过(guo)程(cheng),提(ti)出(chu)了(liao)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)可(ke)能(neng)起(qi)源(yuan)(cong)凇(song)白(bai)匝(za)(yang)型(xing)(tong)(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)与(yu)发(fa)酵(jiao)型(xing)(tuo)妇(fu)钡(bei)拇(mu)(dai)谢(xie)(huai)(gong)(cai)(mo)式(shi)(jian)(wei)解(jie)答(da)真(zhen)核(he)生(sheng)物(wu)起(qi)源(yuan)(cu)庖(pao)(yi)(hui)卮(zhi)(da)科(ke)学(xue)问(wen)(shi)馓(san)(ti)供(gong)了(liao)新(xin)(lu)(de)见(jian)解(jie)(图(tu)(ji)

图(tu)(ji) 阿(a)斯(si)(gu)拥(yong)(de)古(gu)菌(jun)关(guan)键(jian)代(dai)谢(xie)(huai)(guo)程(cheng)的(de)重(zhong)构(gou)与(yu)演(yan)化(hua)

本(ben)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)受(shou)到(dao)国(guo)家(jia)自(zi)(yun)(ran)(huan)蒲(pu)Щ(ji)金(jin)委(wei)、广(guang)东(dong)省(sheng)教(jiao)育(yu)厅(ting)创(chuang)新(xin)(luan)哦(ou)(dui)和(he)深(shen)圳(chou)(nue)(shi)科(ke)创(chuang)委(wei)等(deng)项(xiang)目(mu)(kang)(de)资(zi)(shou)N(wen)(nao)铝(lv)(lian)(chun)樱(ying)篽ttps://www.nature.com/articles/s41586-021-03494-3;(huang)恼(nao)卤(lu)(bei)后(hou)的(de)故(gu)事(shi)(lu)(jian):https://natureecoevocommunity.nature.com/posts/exploring-asgard-archaea-and-their-relationships-with-eukaryotes。

(高(gao)等(deng)研(yan)(xin)(jiu)院(yuan) 供(gong)稿(gao))

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